中国增长最快的城市在哪里?

http://www.sina.com.cn 2016年05月23日 18:17 新浪城市

  近日,一篇刊载于世界经济论坛网站上的文章引起了不少人们的思考,作者Joe Myers在文中对中国经济转型现状提出了自己的独特见解。小编查看后发现,这篇文章起源于对英国《经济学人》杂志刊载的名为《Rising suns,Lesser-known cities will dazzle》一文的解读。现将这篇题为《中国增长最快的城市在哪里?》的解读文章原文转载如下,以飨读者。

  以下为文章原文:

  Which are China’s fastest growing cities?

  Although the days of 30% annual growth might be a thing of the past, China still boasts many cities experiencing rapid growth。

  These are cities that few outsiders will have heard of – such as Guiyang, Xiangyang and Hengyang – but in 2016 their economies are forecast to grow by as much as 12%。

  For Qian Liu of The Economist Intelligence Unit, these 10 emerging cities “reflect the shift ofChina’s pattern of growth: away from export and towards import; from investmentto consumption; and from manufacturing to services”。

  First-placed Guiyang is reflective of this change. Once reliant on state-owned industry, the city is now emerging as a centre for big data. Alibaba hosts a cloud-computing facility in the city, a new science park is in development, while state telecomscompanies are investing in data centres. Hengyang and Xiangyang have also seen changes in industry, with many manufacturers moving to these inland cities. Electronics producer, Foxconn, has invested in Hengyang, and Xiangyang’s industrial park, local government schemes and labour pool are all driving investment in the city。

  Other cities are also seeing increasing incomes and spending, helping to drive growth。

  The top 10 rising cities are measured based on nine indicators. These include real GDP, FDI and consumer spending per person. With a combined population nearly double that of the Netherlands, they highlight that growth patterns can be successfully adapted。

  以下为原文翻译:

  中国增长最快的城市在哪里?

  尽管30%的年增长率已经成为过去,但中国仍然是许多城市快速发展的热土。

  像贵阳、咸阳和衡阳这样的城市,虽然鲜少被外人听闻,但在2016年他们的经济增长预计将高达12%。

  对于经济学人智库的刘倩(译名)来说,这10个新兴的城市“反应了中国经济模式的转变:即从出口向进口转变,从投资到消费转变,以及从制造业到服务业转变。”

  位居第一的贵阳最能反应这种变化。贵阳曾经依赖于本地产业,现在正在成为大数据的中心。阿里巴巴在贵阳建立了云计算中心,一个新的科学园正在发展,同时国家级的运营商也正在向大数据中心进行投资。衡阳和咸阳同样也在经历变化,许多制造业搬迁到内陆城市。电子元件生产商富士康,已经在衡阳以及咸阳的工业园投资,当地政府的规划以及大量劳动力都在全面促进这些投资。

  其他城市也在探索增加收支的方法,以推动经济增长。

  这10个快速增长城市是根据9个指标评选出来的,包括真实GDP、FDI、人均消费等。这十个城市的人口总和差不多是荷兰的两倍,他们强调这些增长模式是(自己)能够成功适应的。

  (稿件由数博会组委会宣传组提供)

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